gypsy ryder operant conditiong

gypsy ryder operant conditiong - Operant Conditioning 1...

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Operant Conditioning Operant Conditioning Gypsy Ryder University of Phoenix Psy 390 Chelsea Fry April 25, 2010 1
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Operant Conditioning Operant Conditioning       Operant conditioning is predicated on emitted behavior or operant behavior;  whereas, behavior that is elicited by a known stimulus is referred to as respondent  is that when naturally occurring behavior is emitted reinforcement can increase the  future occurrence of that behavior. Also, through the use of cuing stimuli discriminate  operants can be created which then become secondary reinforcers. With continued  pairings of reinforcement a discriminate operant can become a generalized reinforcer.  Conversely, if reinforcement is withheld, then extinction occurs. Extinction is the  cessation of the reinforcement of an operant which leads to before-conditioning  response levels for the operant in question. Furthermore, operant conditioning can be  broken up into three basic components or processes: positive reinforcement, negative  reinforcement, punishment. Positive reinforcement is best explained as the addition a  reinforcer which increases the future likelihood of a response. Negative reinforcement is  the withholding of a reinforcer which leads to the future likelihood of a certain response.  Punishment is either the withholding of something positive or the addition of something  negative that leads to the future deprivation of a response.  2
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Operant Conditioning          Put plainly, positive reinforcement is the addition of a positive, intervening variable  between emitted behavior and a response which makes the future likelihood of that  response increase; conversely, negative reinforcement is the removal of a negative, 
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This note was uploaded on 05/26/2010 for the course PSY 360 taught by Professor Willis during the Winter '09 term at University of Phoenix.

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gypsy ryder operant conditiong - Operant Conditioning 1...

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