writing - Writing : a group of letters or symbols written...

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Writing : a group of letters or symbols written or marked on a surface as a means of communicating ideas by making each symbol stand for an idea, concept, or thing ( ideogram ), by using each symbol to represent a set of sounds grouped into syllables ( syllabic writing ), or by regarding each symbol as corresponding roughly or exactly to each of the sounds in the language ( alphabetic writing ) . error - a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or ignorance or inattention; "he made a bad mistake"; "she was quick to point out my errors"; "I could understand his English in spite of his grammatical faults" The main steps to avoid making errors in writing : 1. MAKE YOUR SUBJECTS AND VERBS AGREE The subject in a sentence has to agree with the verb. This means that the verb has to be correctly inflected (i.e., have the right ending) to match the subject. You know, of course, that you mustn't write things like "You has to go," so we won't bother with the basics. There is, however, an error that you might make without ever noticing, and you must stop. Take a look at these examples : "Pavel Bure is a faster skater than him." If that looks right to you, you are dead wrong. This is because both "Pavel Bure" and "him" are both using the same verb, "is." The sentence is a comparison of what Pavel Bure and some other shmuck can do, but the second use of the verb is assumed and left out. If it were included, the sentence would read like this: "Pavel Bure is a faster skater than him is." That would be so wrong. The correct way to write the phrase is this: "Pavel Bure is a faster skater than he." If that sounds funny to you, we recommend that you include the second instance of the verb, i.e., "Pavel Bure is a faster skater than he is. " The wrong way: "Belinda is prettier than her," "We wreck shop at a higher level than them," and "John eats more toast than me." The right way: "Belinda is prettier than she," "We wreck shop at a higher level than they do," and "John eats more toast than I." People make this error so often that it's difficult to keep it out of your speech, but if you're careful you can eliminate it from your writing and give your critics one less reason to smirk. 1
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2. MAKE PRONOUNS AND ANTECEDENTS AGREE A pronoun is a word which refers to a subject or object which has already been identified. The antecedent is the word which is being referred to by the pronoun. For example: "When you use an antecedent in the first clause of a sentence, you can refer to it with the pronoun ‘it' in the second clause of the sentence." Pronouns are great things, as speech would be unbelievably tedious without them. Pronouns must, however, agree with their antecedents in number and gender, and many people are not careful enough about this. The most common error is to use the pronoun "they" to refer to a singular antecedent. Bad: "If you go and talk to a grammarian, they will say that you are dead wrong when you use ‘they' as a singular antecedent." Many people make the foregoing mistake because they do not wish to use
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This note was uploaded on 05/27/2010 for the course ENGLISH 4 taught by Professor Ahmedhasan during the Spring '10 term at École Normale Supérieure.

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writing - Writing : a group of letters or symbols written...

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