lesson1 - 1 Introducing the Hybrid Science Study Tip: Each...

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1 Introducing the Hybrid Science Study Tip: Each lesson begins with a list of key terms and concepts. These are all “fair game” for exams. I will not ask questions about each and every one on exams, but these lists should serve as a good starting point for your studying. I suggest that you think about using index cards to help with this. You might make a card for each item on the list, but that may be overkill. However you want to proceed, here’s a suggestion: don’t just glean a definition from the reading. Although definitions are valuable, they are not enough. A good idea is to jot down examples of concepts whenever possible. For people, I’m interested in you knowing the sorts of work and thinking that are associated with the person. Key Terms and Concepts o Psychology o Hypotheses o Biology o Evidence o Behavioral biology/biopsychology o Wilhelm Wundt o Genetic-evolutionary model o Harry K. Wolfe o Development o Ivan Pavlov o Mechanisms o Sigmund Freud o Adaptation o Jean Piaget o Evolution o Charles Darwin o Phylogenetics o B. F. Skinner o Proximate causes o John Watson o Ultimate causes o Alfred Kinsey o Emergent properties Lesson 1 1
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When a person suffers a stroke due to blockage of a blood vessel serving the brain, the brain cells that receive their oxygen and nutrients from that vessel will soon die, impairing normal functioning. Depending on the site of damage, muscular paralysis, sensory deficits and other problems may occur. One of the most common effects of stroke is aphasia, a language disorder involving speech production or comprehension. In most cases, aphasias occur only if the stroke damaged certain portions of the left side of the brain. Comparable damage to corresponding parts of the right side of the brain seldom lead to language problems. Why is language localized to the left side? Can the right side perform these tasks if the left side does not? Are other behavioral processes also localized to specific brain regions? If laboratory mice are given two drinking tubes, one supplying water, the other alcohol, one typically finds substantial individual differences in the amount of alcohol consumed. When males and females with the highest alcohol preference are mated together, and their adult offspring are tested for alcohol preference, they tend to prefer alcohol even more than their parents did. Continued selective breeding for alcohol preference results in mice with extremely high alcohol preference scores. In contrast, selective breeding for low alcohol preference results in mice that absolutely avoid alcohol. Thus, there seems to be a strong genetic component to alcohol consumption. How do genes influence this behavior? Do genes contribute to human behavior? How could we investigate this if selective breeding experiments are not feasible with humans? Could alcoholism be prevented or reduced through genetic screening programs, or are differences in alcohol consumption due only to differences in experience and therefore not
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This note was uploaded on 05/27/2010 for the course BIOS 373 B02 taught by Professor Dr.danielleger during the Spring '10 term at UNL.

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lesson1 - 1 Introducing the Hybrid Science Study Tip: Each...

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