Cultural Relativism - Cultural Relativism Cultural...

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Cultural Relativism Cultural Relativism is the belief that different cultures have different views on matters. The two main lessons of Cultural Relativism are that: One should be open towards other cultures and not view his individual cultures as right but as one of many. What Cultural relativism does not entail 1. Saying no practices are just cultural artifacts( etiquette, etc still relativism , just some morals wants) 2. Being intolerant making no effort to understand beliefs that differ (maybe you aren’t the one wrong; other cultures might be the ones. Also hard to know what is right? Reflects upon our reasons for moral beliefs our own fallibility 3. Believing divine command theory Consequencialism/ UTILITARIANISM Bentham(1748 -1832) John Stuart Mills(1806-1873) Version One – The moral status of an action depends entirely on the consequences of the action. Good acts maximize good consequences -Greatest good for greatest number Question doesn’t this view rely on external notions of circular goods and bads?\ Hedonistic Utilitarianism - Its really maximizing pleasure/ minimizing pain and building moral value out of that. Good taken for granted
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This note was uploaded on 05/27/2010 for the course -2 -1 taught by Professor -1 during the Spring '10 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Cultural Relativism - Cultural Relativism Cultural...

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