End of yrar Notes - STUDY GUIDE FOR PHI 1100 FINAL SPRING...

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S TUDY G UIDE F OR P HI 1100 F INAL S PRING 2010 Philosophy of religion: What is the cosmological argument? What are the main objections to it? Cosmopolitan Argument- having ro do with the universe origin( in order for the universe to exist there must be a God Everything has a cause Nothing is self caused The series of causes isn’t infinite There is a first cause God is the first cause Concerns are : What caused the first cause? Why is God the first Cause instead of anything else? Big bang. What is the teleological argument? What are the main objections to it? 1. The world contains many things that are very beautiful 2. These things could not have not been designed and just come into place 3. They must have been designed by an intelligent designer( 1,2, 3)(Combated with evolution) 4. The designer must be God Why cant the designer anything else like the big bang. There is no reason to believe that there is a god. What is Pascal’s wager? Why does it not matter what probability is assigned to the existence of God? God exists God doesn’t exist Believe in God Infinite payoff (heaven) finite loss at most (Pascal: finite gain) Don’t believe Negative infinite? finite gain at most Objections
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What if you believe in the wrong God. So, it is smart to bet that God exists. This doesn’t prove that God exists. But it does (if sound) prove that it is a good idea to believe that God exists. Decision under uncertainty. What is the Many Gods objection to Pascal’s wager? The many Gods objection to Pascal’s wager is the idea that even if one decides to believe in a God how is the math done considering the fact that there are multiple Gods in the multiople faiths. What is the problem of evil? What are some of the ways a theist might try to solve it? What are Mackie’s worries about those solutions? "The Problem of Evil is an argument that concludes that God does not exist. It runs thus: 1. If God exists, then God is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent. 2. If there is an omnipotent, omniscient, omnibenevolent being, then there is no evil. 3. There is evil. 4. So, there is no omnipotent, omniscient, omnibenevolent being. (From 2,3) 5. So, God does not exist. (From 1,4) Theist may try to solve it by saying : There is only enough evil in the world to combat good Objection : God is not strong enough to create evil and not also create good at the same time. Evil is a mean for which good comes out: Objection Limits God to casual laws that he supposedly created. Evil is due to free will. Objection- Couldn’t God make us to freely decide what is right The world is better with the presence of evil Objection: There can also be second order evils Free will What is determinism ? Determinism
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This note was uploaded on 05/27/2010 for the course -2 -1 taught by Professor -1 during the Spring '10 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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End of yrar Notes - STUDY GUIDE FOR PHI 1100 FINAL SPRING...

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