D a b b a s ( L ) | 1 How do humans’ nature deal with life’s challenges? According to the great philosopher, Thomas Hobbes, in nature, humans live with violence and are depend on force and cunning to survive. Without order and security, “the life of man (would be) soldiery, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” Based on Hobbes’ theory of human nature, it is too hard to keep peace and freedom at the same time. To achieve one of them, people should give the other. This theme is in common with the play, Death of Salesman. In this book, Arthur Miller, discussed the same idea that an individual’s attempt to reconcile the desire to act independently with need for security. This need for achieving balance between independence versus security is seen best through the main character, Willy Loman. Throughout the play, Willy greatly suffered from challenges that turned his life upside down. Even though his life was bitterly shaped, the Loman, was still seeking happiness in his life longs paths. Willy’s abandonment by his father at a very young age had influenced him into adulthood. Because of failing mental health, he started to lose the balance among independence versus security due to his control looseness. The present time where Willy lives is like a wild field that is not settled because it is filled with predators. He might get met with any new challenges that would change the direction of his life like a wind. His current life is full of sadness and despair. Loman has a hard time finding happiness in his real world. Any time, he is exposed to a new tragedy; he leaves reality and goes to his delightful world of his own. He realizes that this world is the only solution to all his pains. A Utopian world, is the magical world which consist of the past time memories when he was much happier. These memories include the time when his two sons were younger. The memory of having them around him and spending time together is one of the happiest moments in Willy’s life. That was told his father that he loves him so much “Missed you every minute.” (Miller 30). He feels more secure when remembers the time when his two kids, Happy and Biff, had faith and trust in him. He appreciates the time when his children supported him and took as a role model. Adding on to Willy’s children’s memories, there is also a memory of his affair with the women. This memory that would shame him if it is published, but for Willy it is his feeling of confidence. He gained more confidence by committing this affair because finally he gets a
D a b b a s ( L ) | 2 thought of being well-liked. He gets so thrilled when he thinks about a woman who paid him attention and valued him other than his wife. “the woman, dimly seen, is dressing ‘I picked you’…Willy’ … ‘you picked me.’” (Miller 38). Willy always has the sense of being out-cast, so he demands to be appreciated by someone else other than his wife, who always tries to perform her duties as a loyal wife. These past time reminders are securing Willy from his present time despairs.
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- Fall '16
- Jay Gamble
- Test, Willy Loman