1_Mind__brain__behavior

1_Mind__brain__behavior - Biological excursions in the...

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1 Masters Biologie UGent Luc Crevits Biological excursions in the brain in a broader perspective The brain People have been fascinated by the brain and how it works Aristotle – The heart as the center of the intellect (4 th century BC) Descartes – Human mental activities exist outside the brain (in the mind) (17 th c) (=> dualism) Darwin – Mind is in the brain (19 th c) (=> monism) Basically, there are two views: Dualism Dualism The body is physical, the mind is not . The mind and body are made up of different substances that are independent of each other, but they can interact. Monism Monism The world consists of only matter and energy. The mind is part of it. The mind -body (brain) problem body (brain) problem
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2 Darwin krijgt steun… ook van de moleculaire genetica, de jongste telg van de evolutiebiologie => neodarwinisme Charles Darwin (1809-1882) innate behavior learned behavior Nature - nurture Zelfs eeneiige tweelingen zijn vaak niet volledig genetisch
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1_Mind__brain__behavior - Biological excursions in the...

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