Corrigan_1999 - Community Mental Health Journal Vol 35 No 4...

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q 1999 Human Sciences Press, Inc. 301 Community Mental Health Journal, Vol. 35, No. 4, August 1999 ADMINISTRATIVE UPDATE Transformational and Transactional Leadership Skills for Mental Health Teams Patrick W. Corrigan, Psy.D. Andrew N. Garman, Psy.D. ABSTRACT: Many treatments for persons with severe mental illness are provided by mental health teams. Team members work better when led by effective leaders. Re- search conducted by organizational psychologists, and validated on mental health teams, have identified a variety of skills that are useful for these leaders. Bass (1990, 1997) identified two sets of especially important skills related to transformational and transactional leadership. Leaders using transformational skills help team members to view their work from more elevated perspectives and develop innovative ways to deal with work-related problems. Skills related to transformational leadership promote in- spiration, intellectual stimulation, individual consideration, participative decision making, and elective delegation. Mental health and rehabilitation teams must not only develop creative and innovative programs, they must maintain them over time as a series of leader-team member transactions. Transactional leadership skills include goal-setting, feedback, and reinforcement strategies which help team members main- tain effective programs. This study was made possible in part by grants from the U. S. Department of Education (H263A50006) and the Illinois Office of Human Services. Patrick W. Corrigan is affiliated with the University of Chicago Center for Psychiatric Reha- bilitation. Andrew N. Garman is affiliated with the Illinois Institute of Technology. Address correspondence to Patrick Corrigan, University of Chicago Center for Psychiatric Re- habilitation, 7230 Arbor Drive, Tinley Park, IL 60477; e-mail pcorriga 6 mcis.bsd.uchicago.edu. Anyone wishing to have manuscripts reviewed in the areas of administration, management quality assurance, managed care, and standards of care should contact Paul S. Sherman, Ph.D., Editor, Administrative Update, 4530 S. Independence Trail, Evergreen, Colorado 80439 or sub- mit the material to David L. Cutler, M.D., Dept. of Psychiatry, 3181 Sam Jackson Park Road, Portland, Oregon 97201-3098.
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302 Community Mental Health Journal Mental health and psychiatric rehabilitation programs have a signif- icant impact on the lives of persons with severe and persistent mental illness (Bachrach, 1992; International Association of Psychosocial Re- habilitation Services, 1994; Liberman, 1992). These programs rely on interdisciplinary teams of professionals, paraprofessionals, and pros- umers. 1 Teams that work well together provide better quality services to their clientele. Members are able to form a more cohesive team when they are led by supervisors possessing appropriate leadership skills. Experts in business management and organizational psychology
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This note was uploaded on 05/30/2010 for the course GE DZMBGS0100 taught by Professor Sofieverhaeghe during the Spring '10 term at Ghent University.

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Corrigan_1999 - Community Mental Health Journal Vol 35 No 4...

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