McClure_2002 - Magnet Hospitals Attraction Retention...

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Magnet Hospitals: Attraction and Retention ofProfessionalNurses re (TheOrigrnalstudy) A Margaret L. McClure, Muriel A. Poulin, Margaret D. Sovie, and Mabel A. Wandelt hospital nursing shortage poses a serious threat to the health and welfare of this nation. Since sufficient numbers of professional nurses are essential if hospitalized patients and their families are to receive quality care, and since nurses provide 95olo of the care that patients receive while hospitalized (American Hospital Association, n.d.), these essential care needs will not continue to be met unless hos- pitals can solve the "nursing shortage problem"-that is, their inability to attract and retain competent, experienced professional nurses. Over 20 years ago, Linda H. Aiken succinctly described the scope of the problem as it existed in the early 1980s: Despite an aggregate national supply of nurses that is larger than ever before, over 80 percent of America's hospitals do not have adequate.nursing staffs. There are currently some 100,000 vacancies in hospital nursing positions and this has had a crippling effect on the day-to-day operations of many hospitals (Aiken, 1981). To help to solve this problem, the Governing Council of the American Academy of Nursing appointed a Tàsk Force on Nursing Practice in Hospitals in 1981, charging it "to examine characteristics of systems impeding and/or facilitating professional nursing practice in hospitals." The task force members were already familiar with the many factors that had been identified in various studies as the "causes" of the hospital nursing shortage. Both the National Commission on Nursing's Initial Report and Preliminary Recommendations and the National Academy of Sciences' Six Month Interim Report by the Committee of the Institute of Medicine for a Study of Nursing and Nursing Education had been carefully reviewed (National Commission
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professional nurses. In other words, they were able to attract and retain a staff of well- qualified nurses and were therefore consistently able to provide high-quality care. Hospital nursing in these select institutions had proved to be an excellent career choice for professional nurses. The task force recommended, therefore, that the American Academy of Nursing authorize a study to identif'a national sample of what would henceforth be referred to as "magnet hospitals"-1fin1is, those that had demonstrated ability in attracting and retaining professional nurses in their employment-and to identif' the factors that seemed to be associated with their success in doing so. This work was expected to yield a variety of successful approaches
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This note was uploaded on 05/30/2010 for the course GE DZMBGS0100 taught by Professor Sofieverhaeghe during the Spring '10 term at Ghent University.

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McClure_2002 - Magnet Hospitals Attraction Retention...

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