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htmlDemo1 - Demo 1 XP The Development of the Word Wide Web...

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1 Demo 1 Adapted From New Perspectives on HTML and XHTML, Comprehensive Patrick Carey, Course Technology 1 XP Developing a Basic Web Page Demo 1 Demo 1 Adapted From New Perspectives on HTML and XHTML, Comprehensive Patrick Carey, Course Technology 2 XP The Development of the Word Wide Web Timothy Berners-Lee and other researchers at the CERN nuclear research facility near Geneva, Switzerland laid the foundations for the World Wide Web , or the Web , in 1989. They developed a system of interconnected hypertext documents that allowed their users to easily navigate from one topic to another. Hypertext is a method of organizing information that gives the reader control over the order in which the information is presented. Demo 1 Adapted From New Perspectives on HTML and XHTML, Comprehensive Patrick Carey, Course Technology 3 XP Hypertext Documents The key to hypertext is the use of hyperlinks (or links) which are the elements in a hypertext document that allow you to jump from one topic to another. A link may point to another section of the same document, or to another document entirely. A link can open a document on your computer, or through the Internet, a document on a computer anywhere in the world. Demo 1 Adapted From New Perspectives on HTML and XHTML, Comprehensive Patrick Carey, Course Technology 4 XP Hypertext Documents An entire collection of linked documents is referred to as a Web site . The hypertext documents within a Web site are known as Web pages . Individual pages can contain text, audio, video, and even programs that can be run remotely. Demo 1 Adapted From New Perspectives on HTML and XHTML, Comprehensive Patrick Carey, Course Technology 5 XP Web Servers and Web Browsers A Web page is stored on a Web server , which in turn makes it available to the network. To view a Web page , a client runs a software program called a Web browser , which retrieves the page from the server and displays it. The earliest browsers, known as text-based browsers , were incapable of displaying images. Today most computers support graphical browsers which are capable of displaying not only images, but also video, sound, animations, and a variety of graphical features. Demo 1 Adapted From New Perspectives on HTML and XHTML, Comprehensive Patrick Carey, Course Technology 6 XP HTML: The Language of the Web A Web page is a text file written in a language called Hypertext Markup Language . A markup language is a language that describes a document’s structure and content. HTML is not a programming language or a formatting language. Styles are format descriptions written in a separate language from HTML that tell browsers how to render each element. Styles are used to format your document.
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