{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

History Test ReView 2 - History Test ReView Test 2 By...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
History Test ReView – Test 2 By: Vaibhav Mokashi Topic Details What is civilization? A “sophisticated” culture set in a complex urban environment. A sophisticated culture has the ability to pass knowledge from 1 generation to the next generation. In ways other than by word of mouth (ex. Writing). Abraham Maslow “Theory of Needs” 1. Food – Economy 2. Security – Government 3. Creativity - Culture Early Civilizations Common Features 1. Located in river valleys 2. Owed prosperity to agriculture, ensuring higher yields than people in surrounding areas. a. Understood irrigation and flood control b. Cultivated cereals c. Domesticated animals 3. Created strong, central theoretic government; class stratification. 4. Created planned economies, foreign trade, industrial bases: textiles, advanced metallurgy ( copper, bronze, iron) 5. Exhibited monumental architecture (ziggurats, pyramids) distinctive art forms, writing and literature. Features of Civilization 1. Geography 2. Government/Religion 3. Complex Society – different socioeconomic levels 4. Class Structures/ Gender Roles 5. Writing/ Arts 6. Technology Mesopotamia Modern Iran and Iraq Consisted of 4 distinct ethno cultural groups: 1. Sumerians Non-Semitic people from Central Asia (3500 BC) Built 1st cities - Sumer and Ur Develop wheel Clean shaven 2. Akkadians - hairy Semitic people from Syrian desert Sargon of Akkad (2340 – 2305 BC)overpowered Sumerians united Sumer and Akkad – formed empire called kingdom of Sumer 3. Hurrians - hairy From caucus Mountains 4. Hittites - hairy Non-Semitic Indo-European people from South Russia
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Introduced the indo-European family of language: Sanskrit (India), Persian, Greek, Latin ( European) Mesopotamian Empires Sumerians Akkadians Babylonians Assyrians Chaldeans Persians Semitism A member of any of the people supposed to be descended from Shem, Son of noah – including Jews, Arabs, Assyrians and Phoenicians. Semitic 1. Of or relating to Semites, especially Jews 2. Of or relating to languages of the family including Hebrew and Arabic Mesopotamia Questions Mesopotamian Society 1. Define theocracy. Any government in which the leaders of the government are also the leaders of the religion and they rule as representatives of the deity. 2. Reproduce the Mesopotamian social pyramid. 3. Why were scribes so important in Mesopotamian Society? Scribes were important since they were educated and were able to read and write.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}