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Hillier___Barrow_Chapter_3 - Hillier Barrow Chapter 3...

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Hillier & Barrow Chapter 3 Theories in Adult Development
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Developmental Perspective Looks at development from “womb to tomb” Blurring of “Social Clock” life periods Organic metaphor : potential of the individual is within, like a rosebud Information Processing metaphor: potential from internal and external sources like a computer Narrative metaphor: story of a person’s life
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Dev. Perspective Cont. Emergent Self metaphor : individual is highly self-directed, emphasizes choices and motivation shaping development Transcendent Self metaphor: shaped by experience beyond the individual ego to involve spiritual development and wisdom, preparation for death
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Developmental Theories Freud: unconscious psychological forces shape development early in life (id, ego and superego), defense mechanisms, sex and aggression Jung : focus on future growth, not past conflicts; after age 40, develop self-potential, balance personality dichotomies (male vs. female, extroversion vs. introversion)
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Erikson Identity vs. Role Confusion : adolescence Intimacy vs. Isolation : young adulthood Generativity vs. Stagnation : mid- adulthood Integrity vs. Despair : old age
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Dev. Theories cont.
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