Hillier___Barrow_Chapter_4 - Hillier & Barrow Chapter 4...

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Chapter 4 Theories in Social Gerontology
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Historical Foundations: Activity vs. Disengagement Activity Theory: Predicts more positive aging experiences with greater involvement in social interactions Linked to Burgess’ concept of the “roleless role” leading to feeling excluded from society. Activities that involve roles elders value highly lead to greatest self-esteem and satisfaction.
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Activity vs. Disengagement Disengagement Theory: predicts a natural withdrawal of elders from activities, roles and social engagement in preparation for death. Also involves societal withdrawal from elderly adults. Criticism has led to modification of theory Gerotranscendence: selective attention to only highly valued roles and activities, perhaps more common in oldest-old.
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Psychological Well-Being Morale, happiness and life satisfaction all important elements Life Satisfaction Index A : includes 5 dimensions to define well-being Zest for life vs. Apathy Resolution vs. Passive Acceptance Congruence between desired and achieved goals Self-concept Optimism vs. Pessimism
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Morale and Well-Being in Later Life “Top-Down” Hypothesis: ongoing sense of satisfaction with life predisposes positive
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This note was uploaded on 05/29/2010 for the course ACC 201 taught by Professor Mr.ishbo during the Spring '10 term at Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College.

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Hillier___Barrow_Chapter_4 - Hillier & Barrow Chapter 4...

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