Notes - Jan 28th Justice? The principle of fairness, moral...

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Jan 28 th Justice? The principle of fairness, moral equity Social Justice- Values as a society about right and wrong. Involves our ideal about what is fair to individuals, groups, institutions, etc. Social Control- Use of sanctions and rewards through a group to influence and shape the behavior of individual members of that group Social control leads to civil and criminal statues Criminal Law- Reflects values/ideals given to society at a given time Serves as a barometer of the moral and social thinking of a community in a given time Crime- Conduct prohibited by a legislature to which such penalties as fines and imprisonment are attached Criminal Justice System- Society recognizes the need to balance individual rights against the need for public order through the admin of criminal justice Due Process- Emphasizes individual rights at all stages of justice processing Crime Control Model- Emphasizes the efficient arrest and convictions of criminal offenders in an effort to maintain social order Admin of Justices- Include:
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Criminal detection Criminal apprehension Detention of law violators Pretrial release Post-trial release Prosecution Adjudication- actual trial Correctional supervision Two Models of Criminal Justice: Consensus- Assumes that all different parts if system work together to achieve justice Conflict- Assumes that components work to serve own interest “justice” is a product of conflicts among agencies within the system than the result of cooperation among cooperation among component agencies Feb 2 nd Criminal Justice Process and Component Parts: Police- First responders, investigation, arrest, booking Court- Pretrial- initial appearance, Perlim hearing, info/indict, Arraign. Adjudication- trial Sentencing Corrections- Probation, Parole, Prison/jail, Fines, Community altern Layers of Justice System: Federal Level-
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Police agencies- FBI CIA ATF DEA Federal Courts Federal Corrections State Level- State law enforcement- DEC State Troop State Courts Feb 4 th Characterizing Crime: Statute Group by similar characteristics Property v. Violent- Levels- Misdemeanor- Sentence to local facility (jail) up to one year Felony- Punishable by death, state or federal facility (prison) more than one year Street Crime- Murder Larceny Rape Assault Burglary Arson Public order Crime- Prostitution Gambling Drug Organized Crime- White Collar Crime- Family Crime- Child Abuse Elder Abuse Pet Abuse Parental Abuse Alcohol Related-
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Gang Related- Environmental Crime- Religion Related- How Do We Measure Crime: Uniform Crime Reports- Only crime known by police Compiled by FBI since 1930 Divides crime into two parts- Part 1 (index): Most likely to be reported Frequent Serious by nature/volume Part 2: Crime Index: # of crimes per unit of population. Ex: 6- means 6 (type of crime) per 100,000 of population
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This note was uploaded on 05/29/2010 for the course ACC 201 taught by Professor Mr.ishbo during the Spring '10 term at Abraham Baldwin Agricultural College.

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Notes - Jan 28th Justice? The principle of fairness, moral...

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