1How Emotion Affects Memory12Emotional eventsare relevant to goals TodayUsing associative network (schema) theory to explain how emotion affects memory:Emotional state dependent memoryEmotion congruent memoryEvidence for and against the claim that emotional memories are…permanent (considering different meanings of “permanent”)no different from any other memory3How does emotion affect memory?Gordon Bower: Emotions function like nodes in an associative network of information (that is, schemas)Emotion can enhance memory in two ways: Emotional state-dependent memoryEmotion congruent memory4Emotional State-Dependent memoryPeople remember information better if they learn it and recall it in the same emotional stateFor emotional state-dependent memory, the content or emotional tone of the information does not matter5Bower’s early study showing emotional state dependent memory1. Happy or sad mood elicited via hypnosis2. Learned list of neutral words; filler tasks 3. Happy or sad mood elicited via hypnosis 4.Recalled words6
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