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Unformatted text preview: 4/26/2010 1 Thinking & feeling Where weve been Learning & Memory Where were going Thinking Today: Thinking and feeling Theories of emotion How emotions develop Thursday: Decision making Language 2 3 What is an emotion? A response to a change in the status of a goal, that involves Physiological changes & subjective feelings Behavior Cognition How is emotion related to cognition? Independent, antagonistic systems - or - Interdependent systems, with each system relying on the other and fulfilling important functions 4 William James What is an Emotion? (1884) Common sense says, we meet a bear, are frightened and run; we are insulted by a rival, are angry and strike. this order of sequence is incorrect the more rational statement is that we feel sorry because we cry, angry because we strike, afraid because we tremble Perception of event See a bear James-Lange Theory 5 Perception of Event See a Bear Bodily Expression Run, heart pounds Subjective Experience Become Afraid James-Lange Theory Yikes! 6 4/26/2010 2 Perception of Event See a Bear Bodily Expression Run, heart pounds Subjective Experience Become Afraid James-Lange Theory Yikes! 7 Perception of Event See a Bear Bodily Expression Run, heart pounds Subjective Experience Become Afraid James-Lange Theory Yikes! 8 William James, continues Without the bodily states following on the perception, the [perception] would be purely cognitive, destitute of emotional warmth. We might then see the bear, and judge it best to run, .. but we could not actually feel afraid 9 James-Lange Theory of Emotion focused on feelings See bear Sympathetic nervous system arousal causes involuntary, instinctive preparation for flight: heart pounds, respiration increases, etc. Perception of physiological changes FEAR 10 11 Walter Cannons (1914) Critique of Jamess Theory Primary criticisms Autonomic nervous system reactions: too slow Same physiological responses characterize different emotions (and even non-emotions) Later supporting evidence Perception of arousal is not necessary to feel emotions...
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