C7_Functionalist+Perspectives+on+Crime_Jenness_Spring+2010

C7_Functionalist+Perspectives+on+Crime_Jenness_Spring+2010...

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Structural-Functionalist Perspectives on Crime Professor Jenness Spring 2010
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The Cost of Crime to Society:  New Crime-Specific Estimates  for Policy and Program  Evaluation Kathryn E. McCollister, Ph.D. University of Miami
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Methods: Tangible Costs Tangible Costs 1. Victim costs - Direct costs: medical expenses,  cash losses, property  theft/damage, lost wages 1. Risk-of-homicide - Probability certain offense leads to  homicide times mean present  value of lifetime earnings 1. Mental health care costs - Cost estimates of post-
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Tangible Costs (cont.) 1. Criminal Justice System Costs Police protection Legal and adjudication Corrections 2. Crime career costs Productivity losses incurred by  perpetrator
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Methods: Intangible Costs 1. Pain and suffering - Calculated for 3 crime categories Rape/sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault - Injury data and type of medical treatment received  (Miller  et al.  1996) Gunshot wounds, broken bones, bruises, etc. Overnight hospital stay, home care, other medical  care Lost wages and victims’ medical expenses reported  by treatment, per injury/offense ( Specials ) - Value of  specials  subtracted from jury award data  (JVR, 2004)  to provide ‘pain and suffering’ estimates
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Total Cost of Crime (cont.) Table III: Total Per-Offense Cost for Different Types of Crimes in 2004 Dollars Table III: Total Per-Offense Cost for Different Types of Crimes in 2004 Dollars Type of crime Type of crime Tangible costs only Tangible costs only ($) ($) Intangible costs only ($) Intangible costs only ($) Total per-offense cost ($) Total per-offense cost ($) a Murder Murder a $1,139,922 $1,139,922 $7,352,983 $7,352,983 $8,492,905 $8,492,905 Rape/sexual assault Rape/sexual assault $25,954 $25,954 $174,228 $174,228 $200,037 $200,037 Aggravated assault $18,599 $18,599 $101,336 $111,801 $111,801 Robbery $20,890 $20,890 $27,755 $27,755 $46,484 $46,484 Arson Arson b $6,267 $6,267 $2,341 $2,341 $8,405 $8,405 Motor vehicle theft Motor vehicle theft b $8,166 $8,166 $178 $178 $8,328 $8,328 Household burglary b $3,663 $3,663 $342 $342 $3,974 $3,974 Larceny/theft Larceny/theft b $1,333 $1,333 $12 $12 $1,344 $1,344 Stolen property offenses Stolen property offenses $493 $493 $0 $0 $493 $493 Vandalism $449 $449 $0 $0 $449
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The Cost of Crime……. . Fiscal aggregate costs (pre 9/11): 519 billion for crime induced production 170 billion in opportunity costs 751 billion in lost health and life 788 billion in transfers from victim to criminal  --- Anderson,  David A. 1999. The  Aggregate Burden of Crime.  Journal of  Law and Economics   42:611-642 More recently: “New Crime Study Pegs Cost at 1.7 Trillion  Annually” (David Anderson, Professor of Economics) The Human Toll: Pain and suffering  Fear of Victimization
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This note was uploaded on 05/30/2010 for the course CRIM c7 taught by Professor Seron during the Spring '10 term at UC Irvine.

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C7_Functionalist+Perspectives+on+Crime_Jenness_Spring+2010...

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