C7+Lecture+04-01-10

C7+Lecture+04-01-10 - LAWMAKING: 1. DESCRIPTIVE 2. LAW AND...

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LAWMAKING: 1. DESCRIPTIVE 2. LAW AND SOCIETY
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LEGAL PLURALISM • Many sources and types of law • Federal, state, local • Nested like Russian dolls • Or, in tension, conflict
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FEDERAL LAWMAKING • Ist 3 Articles of the U.S. Constitution – Article I. Legislative branch, Congress – Article II. Executive branch, President, the Cabinet, federal agencies (e.g., OSHA, FDA, EPA) – Article III. Judicial branch: courts All 3 branches can “make” law, but Congress is the legislative body, which officially creates federal laws.
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U.S. CONGRESS • House of Representatives: Members chosen from each state every two years, based on size of population and, related, number of Congressional districts. Currently 435 members. • Senate: 2 Senators from each state regardless of population. Small, rural states are “over- represented.” 100 Senators.
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CONGRESSIONAL LAWMAKING
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A BILL IS INTRODUCED • Initiated by any member of Congress, citizen, special interest, President • Brought to attention of member of House/ Senate and submitted by member • Assigned a number (e.g. “S. 123”, or “H.R. 123”) • Labelled with member- sponsor’s name (e.g., “The McCain Bill”). • Members may co-sponsor
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COMMITTEES • Both House and Senate are comprised of committees that handle broad topics (like Military, Finance, or the Judiciary) • Each committee has sub- committees on more specific topics (like the Subcommittee on Immigration, Refugees, and Border Security, of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary)
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This note was uploaded on 05/30/2010 for the course CRIM c7 taught by Professor Seron during the Spring '10 term at UC Irvine.

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C7+Lecture+04-01-10 - LAWMAKING: 1. DESCRIPTIVE 2. LAW AND...

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