C7+Lecture+04-22-10

C7+Lecture+04-22-10 - LAWBREAKING: THEORIES OF CRIME Why do...

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LAWBREAKING: THEORIES OF CRIME
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Why do some people commit crime, and others do not? Is it the “fault” of the individual? Is it the “fault” of society? Is it some interaction between individual and society?
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19 th century theories of crime Late 1800s,early 1900s Positivists studied criminal Related crime to causes WITHIN the criminal Criminal is criminal because different in some fundamental way
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DETERMINISM Biological: early 20 th cent. Social and cultural: mid-20 th cent.
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BIOLOGICAL DETERMINISM IN U.S. Early 20 th century Richard Dugdale, 1874, and Jukes family Henry Goddard, “The Kallikak Family: A Study in the Heredity of Feeble-Mindedness,” 1912 Feeble-mindedness is hereditary and a major cause of crime
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FORCED STERILIZATIONS 33 states engaged in sterilizing the “feebleminded” 65,000 people sterilized involuntarily Oliver Wendell Holmes in Buck v. Bell (1927): “Three generations of imbeciles are enough.” OOPS!
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WHY POPULAR? Fears of “hyphenated
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C7+Lecture+04-22-10 - LAWBREAKING: THEORIES OF CRIME Why do...

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