Lecture 1 - Ren Descartes (1596 - 1650) Main Point:...

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1 1 René Descartes (1596 - 1650) Main Point: Descartes demonstrates that THINKING is itself the source of knowledge . http://www.aspencountry.com/assets/product_images/product_lib/32000- 32999/32092.jpg : Bookends of Rodin’s “Thinker.” 2 I. Some preliminaries ± ± KH 144 (KH = Murray Krieger Hall) ± Monday 1:30 – 3:00 ± Thursday 11:00 – 12:30 B. Please always bring your books to lecture. 3 II. Transition: Aristotle to Descartes 384-322 BC or BCE 1596-1650 AD or CE ± A. Descartes’ view of the difference: ± [T]hese six meditations contain all the foundations of my physics. But please do not tell people, for that might make it harder for supporters of Aristotle to approve them. I hope that readers will gradually get used to my principles, and recognize their truth, before they notice that they destroy the principles of Aristotle” (Qtd from Stan. Ency. of Phil .).
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2 4 II. Transition: Aristotle to Descartes ± B. Aristotle’s hylomorphism (matter-formism) from Prof. Schwab’s lectures: ± 1. The soul is the form of the body. The body is matter of the soul. A living being is ensouled . The soul is the life-conferring element in the compound “living being.” The soul is the actuality of the body. ± 2. The body and soul are part of one thing. Hylomorphism does not suggest any opposition between soul the body. 5
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Lecture 1 - Ren Descartes (1596 - 1650) Main Point:...

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