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Lecture 2 - Meditations Lecture 2 Following Descartes as he...

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1 1 Meditations Lecture 2. Following Descartes as he thinks . . . In Med. #3, Descartes proves that God exists and is not a deceiver. 2 I. At the outset: words used in an unfamiliar way A. “objective reality” B. “formal reality” (NB: One can say mere objective reality. Formal=actual.) “The term ‘objective’ is regularly contrasted by Descartes with the term ‘formal’…. ‘formal’ reality [is] actual, extramental existence, while ‘objective reality’ [is] merely existence in the mind as an object of the understanding.” A Descartes Dictionary, p. 46 . 3 II. The meditator re-enacts his rejection of the senses. A. He— shuts his eyes, stops up his ears, withdraws all his senses, and blots all images of corporeal things out of his mind. (69-70). B. WHY? So that he can look deeply within to restate what he knows.
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2 4 III. Clear & Distinct ideas (70) A. “What is required for me to be certain of anything?” (70). B. An epistemological question C. Seeing with the mind’s eye For explicit metaphor, see Med. #6, p. 93. Compare “inspection of the part of the mind alone” (Med. #2, p. 68). 5 IV. Problem: A. He has always in the past believed (out of habit ): 1) that things outside himself existed; 2) that those ‘outside things’ were the source of his ideas; 3) that his ideas resembled those ‘outside things.’ B. What about things like 2+3=5?
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