Geo - Chapter 8, 9

Geo - Chapter 8, 9 - Chapter 8 Political geography is the...

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Chapter 8 Political geography is the field of human geography that is concerned with the study of both the spatially uneven outcomes of political processes and the ways in which political processes are themselves affected by spatial structures. Conventionally political geography adopts a three scale structure for the purposes of analysis with the study of the state at the centre, above this is the study of international relations (or geopolitics), and below it is the study of localities. The primary concerns of the sub-discipline can be summarized as the inter-relationships between people, state, and territory. A nation is a body of people who share a common history, culture, language or ethnic origin, who typically inhabit a particular country or territory. The development and conceptualization of the nation is closely related to the development of modern industrial states and nationalist movements in Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries, although nationalists would trace nations into the past along an uninterrupted lines of historical narrative. The nation-state is a certain form of state that derives its legitimacy from serving as a sovereign entity for a nation as a sovereign territorial unit. The state is a political and geopolitical entity; the nation is a cultural and/or ethnic entity. The term "nation-state" implies that the two (geographically coincide, and this distinguishes the nation state from the other types of state, which historically preceded it. If successfully implemented , this implies that the citizens share a common language, culture, and values—which was not the case in many historical states. A world of nation-states also implements the claim to self-determination and autonomy for every nation, a central theme of the ideology of
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Geo - Chapter 8, 9 - Chapter 8 Political geography is the...

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