2 introduction to Urban notes

2 introduction to Urban notes - An introduction to Urban...

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An introduction to Urban Geography Evolved as a subfield of human geography throughout the 20 th century as human populations became more urbanized and cities grew.
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Population and cities Mid 1990s – the first time more than half the world’s population were living in urban areas
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Non-urban people now dependant on large metropolitan centers for: information, economic viability, social ties, entertainment, culture, political expression, cultural attributes and resulting manifestations of behavior.
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Definitions City: a settlement with a population between 1,500 and 50,000 (official # varies by state). Metropolitan area: a settlement of more than 50,000 within a county (may also encompass multiple adjacent counties) i.e. “metro Detroit”
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Urbanized area: the “built up” high density portion of a metropolitan area. Suburb: the remainder of the metropolitan area (with both residential and commercial activity) Population density: Number of people per unit area. Usually expressed as PPSM
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“Push” and “Pull” factors Push factors: Negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their homes and migrate to new areas. Pull factors: Positive conditions and perceptions that effectively attract people to new places from other areas.
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Push factors War Disease Famine
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