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Humanities 101 Final

Humanities 101 Final - Humanities Final Exam Gothic...

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Humanities Final Exam. Gothic architecture: Style of architecture and art of the twelfth through sixteen centuries in Western Europe and received during the Romantic era. It is characterized, especially in churches, by ribbed vaults, pointed arches, flying buttresses, stained glass, and high steep roofs. Structural Innovations: Pointed arches and vaults that exert less lateral thrust then the semicircular Romanesque arches and vaults. The pointed ribbed vault can be constructed in a variety of floor plans and, in theory, built to any height. Example: Royal Abbey, Saint Denis Ribs that serve to concentrate the weight of the vault at certain points, making it possible to eliminate the wall between these points Example: Robert and William Vertue, Chapel of Henry VII Flying Buttresses that were introduced in response to the problem created by the lateral thrust exerted by a true vault. The idea of a buttress, a solid mass of masonry used to reinforce a wall, was an old one. But the “flying” part, the exterior arch, was an invention of the Gothic era. Flying buttresses project outward on the exterior of the building and cannot be seen from the inside through the stained glass windows.
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  • Spring '10
  • Durbin
  • Lateral Thrust, Humanities Final Exam, semicircular Romanesque arches, Notre-Dame-de-Paris Stained-Glass Art

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