sosc100-wa-c13 fainal

sosc100-wa-c13 fainal - SOCIOLOGY: WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT...

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SOCIOLOGY: WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT Name: CHAPTER 13 – Religion and Education (O 6) Date: Religion : Sociologists are interested in the Social Impact of religion on individuals and institutions. Describe how Durkheim defined “religion,” including the distinction using 2 “realms.” He defined religion as “a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to scared things.” He argued that religious faiths distinguish between certain transcending events and the everyday world. He referred to those realms as the scared and the profane. -The scared encompasses elements beyond everyday life tat inspire awe, respect, and even fear. People become part of the scared if they complete rituals like praying and fasting. Because believers have faith in the scared, they accept what they cannot understand. -The profane include the ordinary and commonplace. This concept can be confusing however, because the same object can be either scared or profane, depending on how it’s viewed. A normal dining room table is profane, but becomes scared to some Christians if it bears the elements of a communion. Describe how Christianity and Islam are similar and how they are different. - Both are monotheistic (based on a single deity). Both include a belief on prophets, an afterlife, and judgment day. Both faiths impose a moral code on believers, which varies from fairly rigid proscriptions for fundamentalists to relatively relaxed guidelines for liberals. -Muslims believe in one god and Jesus is a prophet, while Christians believe in Jesus as a son of god. Muslims have the Quran as a holy book when Christians believe in bible as the holy book. Muslims don’t separate religion from politics but Christians are more flexible about that. For that, some Islamic countries reinforce Islamic laws and practices. Religion is a Cultural Universal and plays a basic role in human societies. Define and describe the “2 specific sociological roles” – “intended” and “unintended,” of religion. - Among its manifest functions, religion defines the spiritual world and gives meaning to the divine. It provides an explanation to events that are hard to understand, like the life after dying and placed in the grave. -The latent functions of religion are unintended, covert, or hidden. Even though the manifest function of a church service is to offer a forum for religious worship, it might at the same time fulfill a latent social function as a meeting ground for unmarried members. Describe
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sosc100-wa-c13 fainal - SOCIOLOGY: WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT...

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