Midterm 2 Study Guide

Midterm 2 Study Guide - Lifespan Psych Midterm 2 Study...

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Lifespan Psych - Midterm 2 Study Guide Sleep terror = The abrupt awakening of a child or adult from deep sleep in a state of panic,  usually about one hour after falling asleep.    The person typically remembers nothing about the  episode in the morning.    Also known as a night terror.   Preoperational Stage = In Piaget's theory, the second major stage of cognitive development in  which children become more sophisticated in their use of symbolic thought but are not yet able to  use logic Animism = Tendency to attribute life to objects that are not alive Egocentrism = Piaget's term for the inability to consider another persons point of view Short-term Working Memory = the temporary storage of recent events -Phonological loop - which stores and rehearses speech information; listen, auditory -Visuospatial sketchpad - stores and manipulates visual and spatial information; sight, visual -Central Executive - governs shifts of attention; multitasking Memories -Generic = produces "scripts" - general outlines of repeated and familiar events -Episodic = remembering a specific event at a specific time -Autobiographical = memories that form a person's life history; tend to be specific and long-lasting Effective strategies in interviewing young children: use of simple questions.    Maintenance of a  non-threatening atmosphere during the interview.    Avoidance of suggestions or pressure.    Schedule the interview as soon as is reasonable after the event. Weschsler Intelligence Scale for Children -The verbal comprehension index -The perceptual reasoning index -The working memory index -Processing speed Self-definition = cluster of characteristics used to describe oneself 1. Single representations - first stage in development of self-definition, in which children describe  themselves in terms of individual, unconnected characteristics and in all-or-nothing terms.    Cannot differentiate between real and ideal self.   2. Representational mappings - second stage in development of self-definition, in which a child  makes logical connections between aspects of the self but still sees these characteristics in all-or- nothing terms 3. Representational systems - third stage in development of self-definition, in which a child begins  to integrate specific features of the self into a general, multidimensional concept and to articulate 
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a sense of self-worth Initiative vs Guilt = Erikson's third crisis in psychosocial development, in which children balance  the urge to pursue goals with moral reservations that may prevent carrying them out.    Purpose -  courage to envision and pursue goals without being excessively inhibited by guilt or fear of 
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Midterm 2 Study Guide - Lifespan Psych Midterm 2 Study...

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