Ch 9-11 - Social Psych Ch 911 Emotionally charged prejudice...

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Social Psych - Ch 9-11   Emotionally charged  à  prejudice and discrimination Stereotype = cognitive/knowledge Prejudice = emotional Discrimination = behavioral Oversimplification; judgments without knowing the individual  Can have one without the other   Stereotype = belief about personal attributes about a group of people   Generalization about a group of people in which identical characteristics are assigned to  all members of a group regardless of individual variation   Become set of expectations about an individual because of group membership   Organize information and provide framework to view world, especially when we are in a  state of mindlessness   Based on social categorization  à  provide quick useful information about people   Helps answer, “what is so and so like as a person?”  o Expected behavior   Group membership e.g. NRA, race, ethnicity, gender, sex   Stereotypes provide cognitive foundation for prejudice   o Stereotypes = belief based on how we categorize people   Descriptive stereotype = descriptions about how people who belong to certain group act,  personalities   Prescriptive stereotype = what members of a group should be like   E.g. little boys shouldn’t cry over shot/inoculation  Categorization that leads to stereotypes [overgeneralization] leads us to believe that stereotypic  groups we are describing are all alike   “They’re all like that”   In-group = group you are a member of  E.g. athlete/team member, people who wear glasses, musician, drug user   Out-group = group to which you do not belong      
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they really are   Easier to think of a unified “they”       Stereotype  à  bias and motivated to confirm stereotype      Subtyping = subcategory for out-group; exception to the rule/stereotype   Allows you to keep stereotype because they’re not really like “them”       In-group heterogeneity effect = tendency to see members of your in-group as having more  variability   Cut more slack for in-group member       Ultimate attribution error = extension of the fundamental attribution error  Attribute out-group negative behavior to internal disposition   Positive behavior  à  external; lucky, etc; temporary   In-group negative  à  external   In-group positive  à  internal      Prejudice = affective [emotional] strong negative [or positive] prejudgment of a group and its  members   React emotionally to an individual on basis of one’s feelings about the group the person  belongs to
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2010 for the course PSYCH 13 taught by Professor Mazeika during the Spring '10 term at Pierce College.

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Ch 9-11 - Social Psych Ch 911 Emotionally charged prejudice...

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