Unformatted text preview: Roman Gladiators
By Ashay Mehta History & Origin Originated as a religious event adopted from Estrucan funeral rituals First gladiator games held by Marcus and Decimus Brutus in 246 B.C. in honor of their father It was a small affair that had 3 pairs of slaves fight in the Forum Boarium Later, the games had more meaning than just religious events Became political and social as well Interpretation of Gladiator Games Games symbolized death in all aspects Gladiators used the games to prove that they were worthy Games became popular due to the life vs. death setting For gladiators, this was an opportunity to defeat death For crowd, this was a chance to watch the ultimate showdown For Roman empire, this was a way to show off how wealthy and powerful they were The Gladiators These were condemned men, prisoners of war or slaves bought by lanista Professionals volunteered to fight Those named infamus sold themselves. They were not POWs, slaves or criminals. No social status. The Gladiators (cont'd) The condemned, damnati ad mortem, who committed a capital crime were weaponless The criminals with lesser offences went to gladiator school or, ludi Slaves and prisoners of war had to fight and listen to their lanista or owner. Women also gladiators such as the popular Amazonia. Were banned to fight by Septimius Severus in the early 3rd Century Dressed as Samnite, Thracian, Secutor or Retiarius Appearance Appearance depended on the type of armor or the type of weaponry they wore and used. Training & Combat Trained as athletes are today Given three meals & medical attention Learned to use various weapons Wore any armor except Roman armor Training & Combat (cont'd) Trained in barracks. Fought in huge arenas like the Colosseum Paid after every fight (if survived) After 3 to 5 years, were freed (if survived) Defeated would raise left hand with one finger as call for mercy Loser would hold winner's thighs ceremoniously and winner would shove sword into loser's neck. Loser would removed by people dressed as Charon, the ferry man, and Mercury. Training & Combat (cont'd) Bestiarii, lowest class gladiators were pitted against wild animals from all over the empire Venatio, the hunt of wild animals. Usually, trained animals did tricks. Animals included lions, tigers, elephants, camels, bear & deer Other Events Damnati ad mortem or humiliores, the criminals convicted of capital crimes were executed during intermissions Crucified, burned at stakes or left alone with wild beasts Christians were also executed for not making sacrifices to Roman Gods The End ...
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- Spring '10
- Colosseum, Gladiator, gladiators, damnati ad mortem