Ethical Theories - Axia College Material Appendix B Ethical...

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Axia College Material Appendix B Ethical Theories Chart Complete the chart below using information from the weekly readings and additional research if necessary. Include APA formatted in-text citations when applicable and list all references at the bottom of the page. Ethical Theory Comparison of Ethical Theories Utilitarianism Ethics Deontological Ethics Virtue Ethics Definition Utilitarianism Ethics is an ethical theory that holds that an action is right if it produces, or if it tends to produce, the greatest amount of good for the greatest number of people affected by the action. Otherwise the action is wrong. Also, according to Utilitarianism, we should evaluate an action by looking at the consequences, weighing the good effect against the bad effects on all the people affected by it. If the bad outweighs the good, it tends to be good. De George R.T (2006). Deontological Ethics is the approach in ethics which denies the utilitarian claim that the morality of an action depends on it consequences. The deontologist maintains that actions are morally right or wrong independent of their consequences. Moral rightness and wrongness are basic and ultimate moral terms. They do not depend on good and the production of, or the failure to produce, well. One’s duty is to do what morally right and avoid what is morally wrong, regardless of the consequences of doing so. De George R.T (2006). Virtue-based ethical theory place less emphasis on which rules people should follow and instead focus on helping people develop good character traits, such as kindness and generosity. These character traits will, in turn, allow a person to make the correct decisions later on in life. Virtue theorists also emphasize the need for people to learn how to break bad habits of character, like greed or anger. These are called vices and stand in the way of becoming a good person. Ethical thinker associated with theory The Ethical thinker associated with the theory is that the origins of utilitarianism are often traced as far back as the Greek philosopher Epicurus , but, as the specific school of thought, it is generally The Ethical Thinker of the Deontological Theories is definite Immanuel Kant If any philosopher is
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Ethical Theories - Axia College Material Appendix B Ethical...

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