ANT 3 Midterm Review Sheet

ANT 3 Midterm Review Sheet - ANTHROPOLOGY 3INTRODUCTION TO...

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ANTHROPOLOGY 3—INTRODUCTION TO ARCHAEOLOGY Midterm Exam Review Sheet—J. Darwent LECTURE KEYWORDS HISTORY/DEFINTIONS : Archaeology Nabonidus, Direct historical approach, nationalist archaeology Artifact Strata/Stratum Principle of Superposition (Nicolaus Steno) Principle of Strata Identified by Fossils (George Cuvier/William “strata” Smith) Thomas Jefferson—mound excavation Mounds and moundbuilders Three-Age System—stone–copper/bronze–iron (Christian Thomsen) Principle of Association (J. J. A. Worsaae) Bishop James Ussher (Creation 4004 B.C.) Jacques Boucher de Perthes—site of Menchecourt in Somme Valley; extinct fauna with artifacts Geological Society of London (Charles Lyell)—site of Brixham Cave, extinct fauna with artifacts Stratigraphic excavation THEORY : Why do archaeology: 1) furnish museum items, 2)Art and Archaeology, 3) Culture History, 4) Culture Reconstruction, 5) Culture Process Direct historical approach Three dimensions of archaeological variability—time, space, and form
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ANT 3 Midterm Review Sheet - ANTHROPOLOGY 3INTRODUCTION TO...

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