law-11 - Lecture Handout

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ISLAMIC LAW Commonly Used Technical Terms : sharīʿa (the sacred law of Islam; a comprehensive system of law derived from the Qurʾān and the sunna ) fiqh (jurisprudence, the science/philosophy of law, the academic discipline whereby scholars describe and explore the sharīʿa ) faqīh pl. fuqahāʾ (expert in fiqh = legal scholar, jurist) qāḍī (cadi, judge) ijmāʿ (consensus [of the jurists, or of the community]) ijtihād (exerting one’s own opinion [on an issue not explicitly covered by the texts, i.e., the Qurʾān and the sunna ]; the exercise of independent judgment so as to arrive at a fresh interpretation of a point at issue; jurisprudential interpretation); it generally uses qiyās or raʾy raʾy (personal opinion; a judge’s opinion/decision based upon his own discretion) qiyās (analogical deduction; reasoning by analogy) fiqh and sharīʿa , at times used synonymously, though sharīʿa retains the connotation of divine, fiqh specifically refers to human endeavors-
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 3

law-11 - Lecture Handout

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online