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CHAPTER 4—CIVIL LIBERTIES MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Civil liberties represent a. something that the government must do, such as guaranteeing a privilege to individuals. b. something the government cannot do, such as abridge a freedom. c. a threat to property rights. d. a threat to libertarians. e. none of the above. ANS: B REF: Civil Liberties 2. When we speak of civil liberties in the United States, we typically are referring to a. natural rights that no government can deny. b. the rights of criminals. c. the rights of ethnic minorities to go to court to end unfair policies. d. specific limitations on government outlined in the Bill of Rights and elsewhere in the Constitution. e. the rights of protected classes of individuals. ANS: D REF: Civil Liberties 3. As originally presented in the Constitution, the Bill of Rights a. limited only the power of the national government, not that of the states. b. protected citizens from all forms of government. c. protected citizens from the national and state governments, but not from local governments. d. limited only the power of state governments. e. contained no language on religion. ANS: A REF: The Bill of Rights 4. Although the Bill of Rights protected citizens from certain exercises of powers by the national government, a. there were no guarantees that rights would be protected by all states. b. the thirteen original states did not have to abide by them even though all new states would have to comply. c. it only protected citizens that owned property. d. in practice, it was ineffective at restraining the national government. e. it was quickly extended to cover the states. ANS: A REF: The Bill of Rights 5. The Fourteenth Amendment a. established the supremacy doctrine. b. codified the right to privacy. c. in principle, applied the Bill of Rights to the states. d. protects individuals' freedom of religion. e. abolished slavery. ANS: C REF: The Bill of Rights 6. The Supreme Court begin applying the Bill of Rights to state governments
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a. immediately. b. only after the impeachment of various justices was debated in Congress. c. only in 1880, in cases dealing with criminal procedure. d. only in 1925, in a case dealing with free speech. e. only in 1940, in a case dealing with freedom of religion. ANS: D REF: The Bill of Rights 7. Incorporation theory a. holds that the Fourteenth Amendment incorporates the Bill of Rights into its restrictions on state governments. b. states that the federal government has the power to impose unfunded mandates. c. established the precedent for eminent domain. d. bans the establishment of an official language in the United States. e. holds that states are required to permit the formation of corporations. ANS: A
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This note was uploaded on 06/03/2010 for the course POLS 1101 taught by Professor Lenny during the Fall '08 term at Georgia Perimeter.

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