TB_chapter7 - CHAPTER 7INTEREST GROUPS MULTIPLE CHOICE 1....

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CHAPTER 7—INTEREST GROUPS MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. An interest group is a. any association of individuals. b. a group of people who want to gain control of the government. c. an organization that actively attempts to influence government policy. d. any organization that requires members to pay dues. e. an organization set up to support a specific candidate for public office. ANS: C REF: Interest Groups 2. A lobbyist is a. any association of individuals. b. usually affiliated with one of the two major political parties. c. an individual or organization who attempts to influence legislation and regulatory decisions. d. a member of Congress who challenges the majority position. e. none of the above. ANS: C REF: Interest Groups 3. Alexis de Tocqueville observed in 1834 that "in no country of the world has the principle of association been a. more successfully used or applied to a greater multitude of objectives than in America." b. put to more abuse than in current day America. Over fifty factions exist within each state, where each attempts to gain at the other's expense." c. reduced to such a level where two, but only two, factions have control over the government." d. of less importance than in the United States. People are willing to put God and country ahead of their associations in factions, or what has become known as political parties." e. none of the above. ANS: A REF: Interest Groups: A Natural Phenomenon 4. In Madison's view, a multitude of interests a. places a stranglehold on the system of checks and balances. b. creates a tyranny. c. works to discourage the formation of an oppressive majority interest. d. encourages factionalism and discontent among the citizenry. e. endangers the interests of minorities. ANS: C REF: Interest Groups: A Natural Phenomenon 5. All of the following statements about social movements are true except : a. they may be the voice of weaker or oppressed groups. b. they typically represent social elites. c. they are often the precursors of interest groups. d. they represent the demands of a substantial section of the population for political, economic, or social change. e. in fact, none of these statements are true. ANS: B REF: Interest Groups: A Natural Phenomenon
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6. Why do interest groups continue to form and act in American society? a. Because the right to join a group is protected by the First Amendment. b. Because the Constitution creates a government structure with numerous "pressure points" for interest group activity. c. Because interest groups are the only entities that enjoy the constitutional right to sue when they disagree with a policy of the federal government. d. Because of the influence of the media. e. both a and b. ANS: E
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This note was uploaded on 06/03/2010 for the course POLS 1101 taught by Professor Lenny during the Fall '08 term at Georgia Perimeter.

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TB_chapter7 - CHAPTER 7INTEREST GROUPS MULTIPLE CHOICE 1....

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