MC notes midterm - M C notes 1. O f the original...

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MC notes 1. O f the original (autograph) copies of the NT writings, none have survived, so far as we know. 2. The oldest known manuscripts of NT writings have been discovered only within the past century or so 3. The oldest surviving manuscripts of any NT writings date from the 2 nd and 3 rd centuries CE 4. The very oldest surviving fragments of any writing now found in the NT are from the second century CE 5. The contents of the manuscripts Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Alexandrinus are of interest for the history of the formation of the NT canon because these are examples of early manuscripts whose NT portions contain writings that are not now in the NT 6. Codex Sinaiticus contains in its NT portion two writings that are not in standard NT today 7. Among the Christian manuscripts from the 2 nd century CE is a fragment of the Gospel of John, probably the oldest surviving NT manuscript. 8. The oldest surviving Christian Bible whose NT portion contain roughly the same list of writings found in what became the standard NT, none of the above 9. Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Alexandrinus are not used to help translate KJV and were not found in dead sea and were not with 27 writings in modern NT 10. A jewish philosopher famous for his use of allegorical method in the interpretation of scripture was Philo of Alexandria 11. Marcion was significant for the history of the formation of the NT canon because he may have been the first to define a specific list of Christian writings, though its contents aroused reaction from others in his day 12. Marcion of Sinope accepted only one gospel 13. The first person whom we know to have defined a specific, “closed” list of accepted Christian writings (though its contents aroused reactions from others in his day), was Marcion of Sinope
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14. When Eusebius of Caesarea wrote in 325 CE about the writings which were to be accepted as canonical, he grouped writings into three categories, representing three levels of certainty or agreement about their acceptance 15. When Eusebius of Caesarea wrote in 325 CE about the NT writings which were to be accepted as canonical, writings such as James, Jude, 2 Peter, 2 and 3 John were still not accepted by all Christians 16. In the formation of the NT among the criteria that played a role in the canonization of some writings and the rejection of others, it was important that a writing somehow be traced to the authority of an apostle, although this was not decisive, and many writings attributed to apostles were ultimately rejected. 17. Among the historically significant impacts of the spread of Hellenism following Alexander the Great was spread of the Greek language as a commonly used trade language. 18.
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This note was uploaded on 06/03/2010 for the course RELIG 220 taught by Professor Michaelwilliams during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.

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MC notes midterm - M C notes 1. O f the original...

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