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exercise 5 11.14.09 - -construction was based on...

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Emily Tsiao Art History 201 Exercise #5: The Architecture of Death Etruscan Tombs -formed like a hut -narrow, ridge heamed and downward sloping vaulted roof (tomb of the thatched roof) -interiors are copies of houses -built with easily workable materials -long, narrow dromos -side chambers symmetrically branched off -completely cut out of tufa or partly built with stone blocks -leave deceased in his usual environment and furnish him with anything that he liked or would be useful in life after death -details of construction were based on contemporary houses (tomb of shields and chairs) -bodies located together -world of the living has access to the tomb Egyptian Tombs -provide a suitable and enduring setting for eternal life after death -different types: pit graves, mastabas, pyramids, and chapel tombs -the chapel was cut off farther from the main burial structure (pyramids of gizeh) -built with durable materials and perfectly designed -large burial chambers to leave deceased with everything they should require in their afterlife
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Unformatted text preview: -construction was based on establishing the person’s authority (temple of Ramses II)-the interior became more intricate as time wore on-bodies buried separately-no one has access to the tomb with the sarcophagus You can extract from the architecture of Etruscan tombs that their culture did not distinguish a difference from the world of the living and the world of the dead except for the eternity of life after death. They built their tombs as copies of their own houses and filled it with objects and necessities that would be used in everyday life in the world of the living. The Egyptians, on the other hand, believed that the world of the living was subordinate to the world of the dead in that life after death lasted for an eternity and was one in which the person’s authority on the world of the living was prominent as well. This belief explains the use of durable lasting materials and the reasoning behind their designs for tombs and the traps they placed to prevent grave robbing....
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