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HILD 12: 20 th -Century East Asia (Spring 2010) Professor Henry Lecture Outline (5-7): The Korean War and National Division I. Liberation and Division A. Cold War Politics: US-USSR Division of Korea at The 38 th Parallel (Sept. 1945) 1. People’s Committees : Leftist and Conservative Groups for Self-Rule 2. The Failure of Dual “Trusteeship” II. The Birth of Rival States A. A Leftist Turn in Politics in the North: The Rise of Kim Il-S ng ǒ (1912-94) 1. Communist Campaign against Wealthy “Collaborators” B. The Republic of Korea (ROK) under Syngman Rhee (1948-1960) and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) under Kim Il-S ng
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Unformatted text preview: ǒ III. The Long Korean War (1946-55) A. The Initial Phase: North-South Hostilities (1946-49) 1. The Cheju Island Uprising (1948) 2. Kim’s Plan to Invade South for Communist Unification (Early 1950) B. International Intervention in a Korean Civil War (June 1950-July 1953) 1. US Use of UN to Prevent DPRK from Communist Takeover of ROK 2. Military Tactics: Defend “Pusan Perimeter ” and Rollback at Inch’ n ǒ 3. Northward Advance and Chinese Intervention (Oct.-Nov. 1950) C. An Unfinished War: An Armistice Without a Peace Treaty (July 27, 1953)...
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