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Synthesis - Synthesis Formulation of a whole from a set of...

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Synthesis Formulation of a whole from a set of building blocks “Constrained Creativity”
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Paradigm #1 (Voland) Needs Assessment Problem Formulation Implementation Abstraction and Synthesis Analysis
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Synthesis and Creativity Synthesis Combining of parts or elements into a whole (Analysis breaks the whole into parts) Synthesis Reasoning from principles or assumptions to the conclusion Creativity Bring into being, cause to exist, produce Creativity Evolve from thought or imagination Synthesis is present in the menu, whereas creativity is present in the chef
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Some Observations Analysis can be taught in the classroom Synthesis and Creativity cannot be taught, but they can be encouraged Striking engineering designs and noteworthy i i d d b hi hl i innovations are produced by highly creative individuals or teams Creative ideas are fragile at birth, and may die prematurely if abandoned.
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f h f ll l Source of the following material: Voland Engineering by Design 2 nd Voland, Engineering by Design, 2 ed . Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, 2004
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Barriers to Creativity We have knowledge blocks We all suffer from knowledge blocks to some degree We need to develop a deep scientific base from which to draw ideas Solution is continuing education and life long learning We encounter perceptual blocks We rely on stereotyped solutions We work under imagined constraints We experience information overload – too much data
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Barriers to Overcome, cont’d Barriers to Overcome, cont d We experience emotional blocks We all fear failure We feel uncomfortable departing from traditional paths We accept the status quo We become impatient We face cultural blocks and expectations Our employer may discourage innovation to avoid taking risks This may prevent us from doing routine tasks in a new and better way
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Barriers to Overcome, cont’d Barriers to Overcome, cont d We may have expressive blocks We are unable to communicate effectively Our verbal and visual communications are essential to the effectiveness of our work
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Creativity Stimulation Techniques that have been Developed Brainstorming Brainwriting Bionics Ch kli ti Checklisting Synectics Analogies, Adaptation, and Duplicated Design Obtain a fresh perspective Inversion Idea Diagrams Morphological Charts
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Brainstorming – Very Effective and Used Widely
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