Land Development and Sustainability

Land Development and Sustainability - Land Development and...

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Land Development and Sustainability
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I. Land Development - Dion Requires a profit motive Requires an understanding of human and municipal needs Requires a coordinated effort among Civil Engineers Land plannners Landscape Architects Architects Soil Scientists, Biologists, Archaeologists Financial Analysts, Lenders, Marketing Specialists
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Three General Categories of Land Development 1. Commercial – office, retail, wholesale, financial, and services CBD Shopping Districts and Neighborhood facilities 2. Industrial – processing of materials and the production of consumer goods Heavy to Light industry Dependent on climate, transportation, topography, utilities (sewer and water) Use of “brownfields” or previously contaminated sites
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Three General Categories of Land Development 3. Residential – safe, serviceable, and affordable residences and associated facilities Single family Multifamily Manufactured housing
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Areawide Development Planning Consider an area’s present and future growth Foster a livable environment that safeguards property values Coordinate systems of transportation, water, waste management Develop and apply regulations that protect investments and ensure the safety, health and welfare of the public
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Not All Land Should be Developed Floodplains Ecologically sensitive areas Areas of archeological significance High quality aesthetic areas Areas with potential for erosion and landslides
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Urban Sprawl Should be Avoided Checkerboard patterns of development Often associated with low density of development Infill may eventually occur with land uses that conflict with surrounding residential values or environmental values Costly and inefficient transportation systems Congested highways Increased tailpipe emissions and CO 2 production Transit is not economically viable Pedestrian and bike modes are not feasible Costly utilities Extra miles of pipeline or wires are required More costly pumping requirements
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Where Sustainability Issues Occur Construction CO 2 or carbon footprint of materials used = climate change Destruction of sensitive environments Use of non-renewable resources Operation Energy costs CO 2 emissions or carbon footprint = climate change Impact on long-term survivability of ecological systems Use of non-renewable resources
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II. The Significance of Climate Change Increasing levels of CO 2 in the atmosphere caused by the combustion of fossil fuels are causing average annual atmopsheric temperatures to increase
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Climate Change is a Major Concern in the Southwest (NOAA Report) Recent warming in the Southwest has been the most rapid in the nation
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Land Development and Sustainability - Land Development and...

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