CEE 110 Study Sheet - CEE 110 Study Sheet Final Exam (1)...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CEE 110 Study Sheet – Final Exam (1) The definition of sustainability a. "Sustainable development" is the challenge of meeting human needs for natural resources, industrial products, energy, food, transportation, shelter, and effective waste management while conserving and protecting environmental quality and the natural resource base essential for future development. (2) The definition of “carbon footprint” a. A carbon footprint is the total set of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by an organization, event or product. (3) The Five Steps in Engineering Problem Solving as defined by Voland a. Needs Assessment i. Figuring out the information needed for the decision maker, as well as what information the engineer needs for the design b. Problem Formulation i. Formulating the problem and defining it; puzzling out the reason why a problem exists in the first place; figuring out the constraints and influences on the problem and working around them to come to a solution c. Abstraction and Synthesis i. Narrowing a general concept down to its specifics, and using those specifics to form a new whole, supported with reasoning that soundly carries the idea to its conclusion d. Analysis i. Breaking down the whole into its parts and thinking about the choices given; pros and cons of each, as well as their possible consequences e. Implementation i. Self-explanatory – putting the proposed solution into action and seeing what happens (4) Stakeholders in the land development process a. The clients, the financers, the landowners, the community living on the land, the business involved in the work, etc. (5) Methods that can be used to generate alternative solutions (only three needed) a. Brainstorming – thinking of ideas and then discussing, explaining and defending them b. Brainwriting – writing down an idea and passing it on to another person, who then builds upon the idea with their input c. Bionics – looking to nature for an existing solution to a problem d. Checklisting – using words and questions to trigger creative thought. Examples of triggers include: i. Words – protect, beautify, increase ii. Questions – What is similar to it? Why is it costly? How can its performance be improved?
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
iii. Word Categories – Quantity (increase, decrease, strengthen); Order (reverse, arrange) e. Synthetics – using analogies and metaphors to trigger ideas i. Make the familiar strange and the strange familiar! f. Analogies, Adaptation, Duplicated Design i. Imagine a solution already exists. ii. Use poetic or literary analogy. iii. Imagine yourself as part of the system. g. Obtain a Fresh Perspective – Ask an objective third party about their view on the problem i. The degree of helpfulness depends on their insight into the problem. ii.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 06/04/2010 for the course CEE 110 taught by Professor Unlv during the Spring '10 term at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

Page1 / 11

CEE 110 Study Sheet - CEE 110 Study Sheet Final Exam (1)...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online