0 Department of Environmental Sciences HES4812 Ecological and Social Impact Assessment Assignment 01 Unique Number: 560886 Student Name: Reshoketswe Madiseng Contact Details: 0834569850 Email Address: [email protected]Lecturer: Ms. Malebo D. Matlala Date: 25 April 2014
1 Table of Contents Page No: Introduction 2 SECTION A: SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT 2 Question 1 2 1.What is Social Impact Assessment (SIA) 2 2.Principles and guidelines used to conduct SIA 2 Question 2 3 1.Ten Steps used by NEPA to compile SIA SECTION B: PUBLIC PARTICIPATION 8 Question 1 8 1.News Paper advert Question 2 9 1.Methods of communication 2.Challenges envisaged during participation References 13
2 INTRODUCTION Social Impact Assessments are appraisals of the likely impact that an operations or development might have on the societies of host countries, regions and communities. These impacts can be direct and indirect, intended and unintended, positive and negative. Ideally, every Social Impacts Assessments is a participative study with local, national and international stakeholders, as appropriate. A Social Impact Assessments can be used at any stage of the industry life cycle: a new country entry, an exploration phase, a new development activity, change to an existing activity or the decommissioning or closure of an existing operation. A Social Impact Assessments identifies ways to mitigate any adverse social impacts and enhance positive ones. An effective Social Impacts Assessments optimizes the design of different operations to account for potential social impacts. It also ensures that stakeholder views are incorporated and addressed throughout a project lifecycle (Vanclay, 1989-95). SECTION A: SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Question 1 1. Social Impact Assessment Social impact assessment can be defined as the process of assessing or estimating, in advance, the social consequences that are likely to follow from specific policy actions or project development, particularly in the context of appropriate national, state, or provincial environmental policy legislation. Social impacts include all social and cultural consequences to human populations of any public or private actions that alter the ways in which people live, work, play, relate to one another, organize to meet their needs, and generally cope as members of society. Cultural impacts involve changes to the norms, values, and beliefs of individuals that guide and rationalize their cognition of themselves and their society. A Social Impact assessment fits into Environmental Impact assessment because a Social Impact assessment identifies and assesses social issues that can represent a significant risk and/or opportunity to a project. A Social Impact assessment is an effective risk management tool informing and encouraging timely decisions on projects.