Chapter5 - Introductionto CriminalJustice...

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    Introduction to  Criminal Justice HISTORY AND STRUCTURE OF AMERICAN LAW ENFORCEMENT Chapter Five Bohm and Haley
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    The Limited Authority of  American Law Enforcement The United States has almost  18,000 public law enforcement agencies. The  jurisdiction  of each agency  is carefully limited  by law. Law enforcement is also limited by the procedural law derived from U.S. Supreme Court decisions.
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    Jurisdiction The right or authority of  a justice agency  to act in regard to a  particular subject matter, territory, or person.
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    The Limited Authority of  American Law Enforcement In comparison with  other democratic nations of the world,  the United States has remarkably  more police agencies that operate under  far more restrictions on their authority. Like much of the criminal justice system, this limited law enforcement model came from England.
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    The Development of  American Law Enforcement Key Issues to Know Tithing system Shire reeve / posses Constable-watch system Constable Peel’s Principles of Policing Slave patrols Frontier law enforcement
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    Community Policing A desire to actually improve neighborhoods led to the modern concept of  community policing ,   which involves:  A problem-oriented approach aimed at handling a broad  range of troublesome situations. Greater emphasis on foot patrols. Building a relationship with citizens, so they would be  more willing to help the police.
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    Community Policing A contemporary approach to policing  that actively involves the community  in a working partnership  to control and reduce crime.
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    Public Law Enforcement  Agencies in the United States
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    Characteristics of Local  Full-Time Police Officers
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    Local Police Duties Four categories of local police duties are: Law enforcement
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This note was uploaded on 06/04/2010 for the course CCJ 1020 taught by Professor Ardis,m during the Spring '10 term at Pensacola Junior College.

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Chapter5 - Introductionto CriminalJustice...

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