Study Guide 6 Editing

Study Guide 6 Editing - Study Guide #6 Editing FTVDM 188B...

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Editing FTVDM 188B Prof. Deland Nuse In our last class, we discussed the various ways directors tell stories by emphasizing either editing (montage) or longer takes (mise-en-scène), or even combinations of both. We discussed how the term montage in a very general sense is used to describe the role of editing (cutting). But, editing can also be thought of in more specific ways, and here we will look at two approaches to editing that provide a great deal of power to the creation of film art; Continuity Editing and Montage Editing . Editing is the ultimate expression of the power of film as a time art . We tell film stories over time and those stories must have coherence, continuity , and rhythm , a rhythm like we find in music, in order to maintain our focus and interest. In simple terms, a director can create these rhythms through long takes and camera movement (a mise-en- scène director) or the director can work with, or even depend upon an editor to choose particular shots and splice them together in sequence. Virtually all films, with very few exceptions depend on some amount of editing. In fact, most films utilize a great deal of editing. Editing is so important that many editors end up saving potentially confusing films where a director has lost the story during production, or somehow just didn’t get the right shots . A second important contribution of editing comes from the flexibility it provides the filmmaker for the expansion or compression of time; just like cinematographers expand or compress space with lenses. Through appropriate cutting, films can be fine tuned either by shortening or lengthening of scenes. Indeed, even the performances of actors can occasionally be improved through judicious cutting. Directors shoot scenes in different ways but they usually have definite ideas about what kind of shots are needed to tell the story. Strategies to get those shots are usually based on the concept of continuity editing . Continuity Montage Continuity Editing Continuity editing has as its purpose , the creation of an illusion of continuous action , from a series of separate shots. These shots could be close-ups, long shots, dolly shots, over-theshoulder shots, and high-angle shots; but an editor must find a way to logically fit them together in ways that match the action, mood and the demands of narrative progression. In other words, shots must smoothly cut together so that the audience does not become aware of the separate shots and feel distanced from the story. This approach to continuity editing is called Classical cutting . Concepts of Continuity Editing
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2010 for the course FILM & TV 188B taught by Professor D during the Spring '10 term at UCLA.

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Study Guide 6 Editing - Study Guide #6 Editing FTVDM 188B...

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