Lecture3 - Christie Hua 1/11/10 EACS4A LECTURE 3...

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Christie Hua 1/11/10 EACS4A LECTURE 3 – CONFUCIANISM AND DAOISM IN EARLY CHINA + THE LATER ARRIVAL AND SPREAD OF BUDDHAISM Confucius, Confucianism, The Analects Laozi, Daoism (Taoism), Laozi: Daode jing Alternative, competing visions of how to live, what to strive for, what to value and where values come from I. Confucianism 1. political/social vision 2. world has lost the way 3. how to restore the way? 4. how to achieve harmonious political/social order? 5. humankind must be moralized II. Laozi/Daoism 1. morality is nonsense 2. right and wrong are subjective 3. the sage models himself on Nature (which does not take sides) 4. nature = embodiment of the Dao 1. --> vision of individual salvation; achieved thru modeling one's life on the Way of Nature 2. do not seek fame 3. turn your back on society 4. follow the lead of nature III. Confucianism 1. confucianism concerned with moral/ethic values 2. moral cultivation of individual leads to harmonious social order IV. Complementarity of Confucianism and Daoism in later Chinese civilization: 1. confucianism in public sphere in one's dealings with others 2. daoism in private life, in one's identity as individual 3. but in Chinese social/political history, the two are not of equal weight 1. confucianism far more influential V. confucianism of confucius vs confucianism as official state ideology 1. confucius' aims
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2010 for the course EACS 4A taught by Professor Ji during the Winter '06 term at UCSB.

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Lecture3 - Christie Hua 1/11/10 EACS4A LECTURE 3...

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