Lecture4

Lecture4 - Christie Hua 1/13/10 LECTURE 4 i. Qin emperor a....

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Christie Hua 1/13/10 LECTURE 4 i. Qin emperor a. He is “son of heaven” b. Resides in Forbidden City c. Presides over imperial court made up of thousands of court officials, clerks, scribes, eunuchs d. Presides over huge imperial bureaucracy that touches every corner of the empire and consists of tens of thousands of provincial and local officials and their staffs e. Centrality of the location of the imperial city (Forbidden City) in Beijing i. Tiananmen “The Gate of Heavenly Peace” II. The Qin unification a. Qin dynasty (221-206 BCE) b. Han dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE) a. Qin unification ended the prolonged period of division, a period of rival separate states – Warring States period b. Under Han, Confucianism becomes official dynasty of China III. Cycles of unification and fragmentation of Chinese empire a. factors against unified empire (centrifugal forces) a. territorial vastness b. mountain barriers c. linguistic diversity d. regional cultures IV. Factors favoring unified empire (centripetal forces) a. common writing system b. strong sense of Chinese (Han) vs. non-Chinese border peoples c. myth of ancient universal rule (Xia, Shang, Zhou) d. thanks in large part to First Emperor, strong enduring conviction took root that “all under heaven” should be one V. Accomplishments of the first emperor of Qin a. military conquest b. unification of empire c. replaced feudal system with centralized imperial bureaucracy a. “centralized” = if we were talking about the United States, then the governor of every state, mayor of every town is directly appointed by Washington DC d. standardized: a. laws and institutions
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b. weights and measures c. regional scripts d. built northern border walls (“Great Wall”) e. roadways VI. Significance of centralized rule a. imposition of centralized rule negates centrifugal forces
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2010 for the course EACS 4A taught by Professor Ji during the Winter '06 term at UCSB.

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Lecture4 - Christie Hua 1/13/10 LECTURE 4 i. Qin emperor a....

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