HeidiEACSstudyguideFinal - 2/10/10 Topics

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2/10/10 Topics- Science of the heaven: mathematic, astronomy, and time measurement Sciences of the earth: alchemy, chemistry, geomancy, compass, surveying, cartography, mining Botany, pharmacology, alchemy, medicine Building/civil engineering: defensive walls, dikes, canals, bridges, irrigation systems, architecture Silk production and technology Book printing Navigation, naval expeditions/ exploration Larger issues concerning history of scientific and technological knowledge in china Science and technology in pre-modern china  achievements remarkable, but often ignored Stereotypes: west is mechanically inclined, scientific and practical while china is spiritually inclined, humanistic  aesthetic   west conquers nature. China harmonizes with nature Eurocentric view China-some tech discoveries, west—developed Joseph Needham (1900-1995) Science and civilization in China (1954-  ) Needham Research Institute, Cambridge, England Science and China’s Influence upon the World Even many early 20 th  century Chinese intellectuals denied the scientific and technological achievements of  traditional China. Why? China had a veritable tradition China’s achievements in science and tech in pre-modern times, significant aspect of Chinese history Mathematical treaties since Han Dynasty Right angle triangles Approximate value of Pi Spherical trigonometry Knowledge of heavens/ astronomy Map of the heaven/stars   Chinese = great observers of sky, Mandate of Heaven  Shooting stars/ eclipses SuSung Water clock tower  mechanical clock Matteo Ricci (1552-1610) and the Jesuits in China. Valued for their understanding of astrology, esp. eclipses— measure to the minute Sciences of the earth Daoist fields of inquiry and their consequences for example- alchemy/chemistry leads to discovery of explosives, gunpowder geomancy leads to discovery of magnetism and the compass Vessel for chemical experimentation Rocket arrow Weaponry Topography  measurement of height of peak Magnetism Cartography  rivers  agrarian society 1100AD Mining
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Botany, etc.   knowledge of living things detailed illustrated and described medicinal usage of a plant medical handbook printed at government expense and distributed body  circulation Daoist practitioner  breathing exercises, yoga practices Building/ civil engineering bridges  no pillars underneath great wall map of grand Canal  Tang, Yuan, Ming grand canal—goes up crest/ hills  uphill’s oldest summit canal Yellow River  flood  new layer of fertile soil  chaos Dikes on either bank  take hilly landscape  converts into terrest steps of flat rice patties
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2010 for the course EACS 4A taught by Professor Ji during the Winter '06 term at UCSB.

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HeidiEACSstudyguideFinal - 2/10/10 Topics

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