Lecture3

Lecture3 - Christie Hua 1/11/10 LECTURE 3 THE MANCHU...

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Christie Hua 1/11/10 LECTURE 3 – THE MANCHU CONQUEST The Big question: Qing is a conquest dynasty. How did this tiny group of minority people conquer China rather easily? I. Overview a. Problems of the late Ming i. Tensions between inner and outer areas ii. Eunuchs were close to the emperor and gained power iii. Factionalism went out of control iv. Problems in North China 1. tax in silver; impoverishment of peasants 2. copper was devalued in place of silver 3. pay more for the state 4. peasants couldn’t afford paying the tax 5. economic crisis not officially addressed by the ruler 6. b. The Manchus: Nurhachi (1559-1626) i. Expand power; incorporate captured tribes ii. Artificially created ethnic group iii. Trace ancestors to Jin dynasty iv. Nurhachi defeated by a general 1. founder of Machu state 2. originally sent tribute to Beijing until 1609 3. became powerful enough to defy Chinese dynasty 4. declared emperor of Later Jin in 1616 5. conquest of the agricular lands in Chinese frontiers
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2010 for the course EACS 4A taught by Professor Ji during the Winter '06 term at UCSB.

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Lecture3 - Christie Hua 1/11/10 LECTURE 3 THE MANCHU...

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