Lecture4

Lecture4 - Christie Hua 1/13/10 LECTURE 4 THE QING...

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Christie Hua 1/13/10 LECTURE 4 – THE QING CONSOLIDATION Secret Palace Memorial System Three active emperors – Kangxi, Yongzheng, Qinlong Qing Institutional Inventions – under Yongzheng Tax reform, palace memorial system Qing-style rule in the eyes of the Europeans Issue of identity: Manchu? Sinicization? I. Three active emperors a. Kangxi (1661-1722) b. Yongzheng (1723-1735) c. Qianlong (1736-1795) II. Names a. Family Name: Aisin Gioro i. Xuanye ii. Yinzhen iii. Hongli b. Reign names i. Kangxi ii. Yongzheng iii. Qianlong (same era as George Washington) 1. hard-working a. woke up at 4 am everyday, read tens of memorials, met with ministers III. Kangxi (1662-1722) a. Became emperor at 8 b. He survived the smallpox, which was amazing at the time i. Considered to be strong and hardy ii. Chosen to be the emperor iii. Council of regents composed of his uncles and relatives 1. imprisoned some of the regents in order to be independent a. power struggle c. first part of rule i. tried to stabilize the empire d. Wu Sangui i. became leader of the chief rebellions ii. given Manchu title iii. given huge piece of land iv. tried to rise up against the Manchus with two other Ming generals e. Three Feudatories
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i. Wu Sangui and two and other generals collaborated to rise up against the Manchus ii. Took Qing three years to crush the rebellion iii. In Chinese culture, loyalty to the emperor is extremely important
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Lecture4 - Christie Hua 1/13/10 LECTURE 4 THE QING...

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