Lecture6

Lecture6 - Christie Hua 1/26/10 CHIN 185A I. II. III. China...

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Christie Hua 1/26/10 CHIN 185A I. China and the West in the 15 th Century II. Age of exploration in West a. 1492 – Columbus discovers??? b. New World Order created by European expansion III. Zheng He expeditions a. Sponsored by emperor b. 63 ships c. expedition ended in 1433 i. trave;ed as far as present-day Kenya ii. how come China had such powerful maritime technology, but it did not become a powerful maritime nation. iii. Chinese did travel beyond boundary, but they stopped iv. Zheng He much bigger than Columbus’ ship 1. need spices to preserve meat 2. cinnamon a. self-sufficient agriculture country b. from Confucian culture perspective i. trade 1. not valued 2. special-antii- v. Reasons for expedi 1. spread glory of ming dynasty IV. Why do the expeditions STOP? a. ECONOMIC REASONS: COSTLY i. China’S Economic self-sufficiency b. Anti-commercialism i. Chinese still cosiste o f V. 2 European expansions a. trade and Christianity i. spiece trade ii. search for Prester John VI. Portuguese trading empire a. Vasco de Gama rodjn round Cape b. Goa (15-19 Mallacca (1511) c. Trying to replace Arabs VII. Vasco de Gama 497-1592 a. Portuguese trading emi- VIII. China dealing with foreigners a. Tribute system *****
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i. I. Smaller countries close to Chinese border on the east and the
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Lecture6 - Christie Hua 1/26/10 CHIN 185A I. II. III. China...

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