Lecture10

Lecture10 - Christie Hua 2/10/10 LECTURE 10 RESPONSES TO...

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Christie Hua 2/10/10 LECTURE 10 – RESPONSES TO REBELLION AND IMPERIALISM -Comparison to Japan: Meiji Restoration -Tongzhi Reign at Court -Leaders of fight against rebels -restoration policies -threat of imperialism -“unequal treaties” -semi-colonialism -weaknesses and problems of tongzhi response I. China and Japan a. Japan’s rapid rise b. Perry’s black ships i. American computadore (Perry) marched into Tokyo bay in 1853 1. Japanese responded to crisis very quickly 2. started Meiji Restoration a. trying to carry out westernized revolution b. also an asian peasant economy i. but high level of commercialization ii. trying to build up national industry 1. nationalize educational system a. promote notion of citizenship and loyalty to the nation b. China: loyalty to emperor c. Japan: not son of heaven, but head of nation i. Loyalty to the people ii. Also developed imperialism iii. led to takeover of Japan and wars in Asia II. 1860 rebellions happening all over the empire III. Japan quickly develops its own industry a. Meiji Diet (parliament) b. Mix between Congress and Senate c. Identity crisis for China, China looks at Japan for inspiration i. What is modernity? 1. must have capitalism, democracy, industry (based on American system) IV. Tongzhi Reign a. 1860 crisis
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i. rebellions across country ii. foreign invasion 1. Xianfeng died; country fell into anarchy 2. empress and concubine become the two real rulers of China
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Lecture10 - Christie Hua 2/10/10 LECTURE 10 RESPONSES TO...

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