Lecture12

Lecture12 - Christie Hua 2/22/10 LECTURE 12 CHINAS RESPONSE...

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Christie Hua 2/22/10 LECTURE 12 – CHINA’S RESPONSE AND THE 1898 REFORM -China’s self-strengthening movement -the Ti/Yong problem (structure/function) -Zhang Zhidong -the Reformers in China -Kang Youwei -1898 Reform I. China’s self-strengthening movement a. Buying western weapons b. Military self-strenghtening i. Arsenals at Wuhan ii. Not enough to solve all the problems in China c. early industries i. steel industry d. Zongli Yamen i. Educated generation of new diplomats who used western rhetoric to help China advance its diplomacy e. Li Hongzhang i. Leading figure in self-strengthening movement ii. Did not achieve mainstream view in chinese bureaucracy 1. bureaucrats thought that things should be done the old way II. Ti/Yong problem (structure/function) a. Ti: structure b. Yong: function c. Conflict in the self-strengthening movement d. If you think western knowledge is powerful, why do you ask the students to learn confucian classics instead of geography and etc.? III. Zhang Zhidong (1837-1909) a. Came up with the slogan i. Chinese learning for the foundation, western learning for utility ii. Insisted on this method
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Lecture12 - Christie Hua 2/22/10 LECTURE 12 CHINAS RESPONSE...

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